Intracellular NO-Generator Based on Enzyme Trigger for Localized Tumor-Cytoplasm Rapid Drug Release and Synergetic Cancer Therapy
【作者】Hou, L.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, X.; Tian, C.; Yan, Y.; Zhang, H.; Shi, J.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, Z.
【期刊名】 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
【影响因子】 2018年: 8.097
【作者单位】 Key Laboratory of Targeting Therapy and Diagnosis for Critical Diseases, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China
【年，卷(期)：页码】2019, 11, 255−268
【关键词】nitric oxide, enzyme-responsive, micelle, glutathione S-transferase π, synergistic therapy
【摘要】Nitric oxide (NO) is an important biological messenger implicated in tumor therapy. However, current NO release systems suffer from some disadvantages, such as hydrolysis during blood circulation, poor specificity, and robust irradiation for stimuli. Accordingly, we constructed an intracellular enzyme-triggered NO-generator to achieve tumor cytoplasm-specific disruption and localized rapid drug release. Diethylamine NONOate (DEA/NO) was used as a NO donor and conjugated with hyaluronic acid (HA) to form self-assembly micelle (HA-DNB-DEA/NO), and encapsulate chemotherapeutic agent (doxorubicin (DOX)) into its hydrophobic core (DOX@HA-DNB-DEA/NO). After HA receptor mediated internalization into tumor cells, HA shell would undergo digestion into small conjugated pieces by hyaluronidase. Meanwhile, DOX@HA-DNB-DEA/NO also responded to the intratumoral overexpressed glutathion and glutathione S-transferase π, leading to the intracellular NO production and controlled DOX rapid release. In vitro and in vivo results proved the enzyme-dependent and enhanced targeting delivery profile, and demonstrated that NO and DOX could colocate in specific tumor site, which provided a precondition for exerting their synergistic efficacy. Moreover, expression of p53 protein was upregulated in tumor tissue after treatment, indicating that NO induced cell apoptosis mediated by tumor suppressor gene p53. Overall, this intelligent drug loaded NO-generator might perform as an enhancer to realize better clinical outcomes.