Rapid Capture and Nondestructive Release of Extracellular Vesicles Using Aptamer-Based Magnetic Isolation
【作者】Kaixiang Zhang, Yale Yue, Sixuan Wu, Wei Liu, Jinjin Shi, Zhenzhong Zhang.
【期刊】 ACS Sensors，2019
【影响因子】 2018年: 5.711
【关键词】DNA aptamer; DNA structure-switch; extracellular vesicles; magnetic isolation; nondestructive release
【摘要】Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play important roles in cell–cell communication by transferring cargo proteins and nucleic acids between cells. Due to their small size (50–150 nm) and low density, rapid capture and nondestructive release of EVs remains a technical challenge which significantly hinders study of their biofunction and biomedical application. To address this issue, we designed a DNA aptamer-based system that enabled rapid capture and nondestructive release of EVs in 90 min with similar isolation efficiency to ultracentrifugation (around 78%). Moreover, because we designed a DNA structure-switch process to release the exosomes, the isolated EVs maintained high bioactivity in cell-uptake assay and wound-healing assays. Using this method, we can isolate EVs from clinical samples and found that the amount of MUC1 positive EVs in breast cancer patient plasma sample is significantly higher than that in healthy donors. This DNA aptamer-based magnetic isolation strategy can be potentially applied for the biofunction study of EVs and EV-based point-of-care clinical tests.