Multiple Strikes Achieve Remarkable Tumor-Inhibition Efficiency via Multi-mechanism Combination
【作者】Yao, Hanchun; Qiao, Pan; Zhu, Zhihui; Sun, Fangfang; Zhou, Huijuan; Geng, Meilin; Du, Bin
【期刊名】ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
【作者单位】School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, 100 Kexue Avenue, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China
【年，卷(期)：页码】2022, 8(10): 4413-4427
【关键词】ferroptosis; autophagy; apoptosis; multi-mechanism combination; H+/GSH-responsive
【摘要】Breast cancer treatment has been challenging all the time because cancer cells have multiple signaling pathways; so, breast cancer still remains a threat to the lives and health of many patients. While common single drug therapies inhibit only one pathway, the combination of multiple mechanisms offers the potential to simultaneously suppress multiple targets and pathways to kill cancer cells more effectively. It is reported that autophagy caused by autophagy inducers and apoptosis caused by some chemotherapeutic drugs can promote ferroptosis to some extent; herein, we combined these three pathways and constructed a multifunctional dual-responsive release nanosystem of Rap@mFe3O4−DOX−HA that achieved the ferroptosis−autophagy−
apoptosis synergistic effect for cancer treatment. Mesoporous Fe3O4 (mFe3O4) was set as the carrier and can also release Fe ions for ferroptosis, the autophagy inducer rapamycin (Rap) was wrapped in the carrier to trigger autophagy, and the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was used as the apoptosis inducer. At the tumor site, the prepared Rap@mFe3O4−DOX−HA nanoparticles split and released DOX/Rap in response to H+/GSH. From in vivo and in vitro studies, it was found that Rap@mFe3O4−DOX−HA nanoparticles effectively inhibited the migration of 4T1 cells, furthermore, they struck cancer cells through multiple pathways and greatly improved the anti-tumor effect. Therefore, the strategy of multimechanism combination achieved a therapeutic effect of 1+1>2.